Turkey is a country in the Eurasian region, with the largest part located in West Asia and the smaller part in Southeastern Europe. With an area of 783,360 square kilometers, it is the 36th largest country in the world and with a population of about 80,810,000, it is the 16th most populous country. Turkey shares borders with Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest, Georgia to the northeast, Armenia to the east, Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic and Iran to the east, Iraq and Syria to the south, the Aegean Sea to the west, the Black Sea to the north, and The south is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea. The country’s capital is Ankara, and its important cities include Istanbul, Izmir, Bursa, Adana, Antalya, Konya and Gazi Aintab.
Turkey to the east with Iran, Nakhchivan, Armenia, and Georgia; In the southeast with Iraq and Syria; It is bordered by Bulgaria and Greece in the northwest (European part). Turkey is bordered by the Black Sea to the north, the Marmara Sea and the Aegean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the southwest. Turkey also has two strategic straits, the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles.
Turkey is a mountainous and relatively rainy country. The shape of this country is like a rectangle that extends from east and west. Being located in one of the most sensitive regions of the world, Turkey has a strategic and very good geographical location and is considered a crossroads of Northwest Asia and Europe and many countries, especially Iran, use Turkish territory for the transit of goods and energy. Turkey has a good climate and plains and has interesting and spectacular places, which is why a large number of tourists travel to this country every year.
The official language of the country is Istanbul Turkish and Kermanj and Kurdish languages are also spoken in some areas. Religion comprises the majority of the country’s population with 83% Islam, followed by Christianity with 2%. The type of government in Turkey is a centralized republic, and the government is made up of separate forces. The official currency is also called the lira (₺).